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Paper: Morphological Evolution of Dwarf Galaxies in the Local Group
Volume: 327, Satellites and Tidal Streams
Page: 182
Authors: Pasetto, S.; Chiosi, C.; Carraro, G.
Abstract: The dwarf galaxies of the Local Group can be separated into three morphological groups: irregular, elliptical, and spheroidal. As in large galaxy clusters, there seems to be a morphology-position relationship: irregular galaxies are preferentially found in the outskirts (low density regions) of the Local Group, whereas dwarf ellipticals and spheroidals are more frequent in the central (high density) regions. To shed light on the nature and origin of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group, Mayer et al. (2001) have suggested that a dwarf irregular galaxy tidally interacting with a galaxy of much larger mass may be re-shaped into a dwarf spheroidal or elliptical object. In this paper we check by means of N-Body Tree-SPH simulations whether this is possible for a selected sample of galaxies in the Local Group. Using the best data available in the literature to fix the dynamical and kinematic status of a few dwarf galaxies in the Local Group, we follow the evolution of an ideal satellite, which supposedly started as an irregular object during its orbital motion around the Milky Way. We find that the tidal interactions with the Milky Way remove a large fraction of the mass of the dwarf irregular and gradually reshape it into a spherical object.
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