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Paper: Evolution of UV-Irradiated Protoplanetary Disks
Volume: 341, Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk
Page: 81
Authors: Bally, J.; Moeckel, N.; Throop, H.
Abstract: Most stars are born in transient clusters within OB associations. Within the first few million years of birth, stars and their protoplanetary disks can be exposed to intense UV radiation, close-passages of sibling stars, stellar winds, and supernova explosions. Disk photo-ablation may promote the rapid formation of kilometer-scale planetesimals by preferentially removing gas and small grains, and enhancing the relative abundance of centimeter and meter-scale bodies. Disk perturbations produced by close-by passages of sibling stars or binary companions can trigger tidally induced shocks which anneal grains. Close-by supernovae can inject live radioactive species such as 26Al and 60Fe either before or after the formation of a low-mass star and its disk. Intense UV radiation from the pre-supernova blue-supergiant and Wolf-Rayet phases of the most massive stars can result in enhanced disk photo-ablation.

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