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Paper: High Time Resolution Observations of a Vela Glitch
Volume: 271, Neutron Stars in Supernova Remnants
Page: 357
Authors: Dodson, R.; Lewis, D. R.; McCulloch, P. M.
Abstract: Pulsars are rotating neutron stars, sweeping the emission regions from the magnetic poles across our line of sight. Isolated neutron stars lose angular momentum through dipole radiation and (possibly) particle winds, hence they slow down extremely steadily, making them amongst the most reliable timing sources available. However, it is well known that younger pulsars can suffer glitches, when they suddenly deviate from their stable rotation period. On 2000 January 16 (MJD 51559) the rate of pulsation from the Vela pulsar (B0833-45) showed such a fractional period change of 3.1 x 10-6, the largest recorded for this pulsar. The glitch was detected and reported by the Hobart radio telescope. The speedy announcement allowed the Chandra X-ray telescope, and others, to make Target of Opportunity observations. The data placed an upper limit of 40 seconds for the transition time from the original to the new period. Four relaxation timescales are found, which are believed to be due to the transfer of inertia through the internal structure. One is very short, about 60 seconds; the others have been previously reported and are 0.56, 3.33 and 19.1 days in length.
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