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Paper: On the Formation of Binary Stars and Small Stellar Groups in Magnetically Subcritical Clouds
Volume: 287, Galactic Star Formation Across the Stellar Mass Spectrum
Page: 409
Authors: Nakamura, F.; Li, Z. Y.
Abstract: In the standard scenario of isolated low mass star formation, strongly magnetized molecular clouds are envisioned to condense gradually into cores, driven by ambipolar diffusion. Once the cores become magnetically supercritical, they collapse to form stars. Most previous studies based on this scenario are limited to axisymmetric calculations leading to single supercritical core formation. The assumption of axisymmetry has precluded a detailed investigation of cloud fragmentation, generally thought to be a necessary step in the formation of binary and multiple stars. In this contribution, we describe the non-axisymmetric evolution of initially magnetically subcritical clouds using a newly developed MHD code. It is shown that non-axisymmetric perturbations of modest fractional amplitude (∼ 5%) can grow nonlinearly in such clouds during the supercritical phase of cloud evolution, leading to the production of either a highly elongated bar or a set of multiple dense cores.
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