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Paper: Properties of Galactic B Supergiants
Volume: 388, Mass Loss from Stars and the Evolution of Stellar Clusters
Page: 109
Authors: Crowther, P.A.; Lennon, D.J.; Walborn, N.R.; Smartt, S.J.
Abstract: Physical and wind properties of Galactic B supergiants are presented based upon non-LTE line blanketed model atmospheres, including Sher 25 toward the NGC 3603 cluster. We compare Hα derived wind densities with recent results for SMC B supergiants and generally confirm theoretical expectations for stronger winds amongst Galactic supergiants. Mid B supergiant winds are substantially weaker than predictions from current radiatively driven wind theory, a problem which is exacerbated if winds are already clumped in the Hα line forming region. We find that the so-called ‘bistability jump’ at B1 (Teff ∼ 21kK) from Lamers et al. is rather a more gradual downward trend. CNO elemental abundances, including Sher 25, reveal partially processed material at their surfaces. In general, these are in good agreement with evolutionary predictions for blue supergiants evolving redward accounting for rotational mixing. A few cases, including HD 152236 (ζ1 Sco), exhibit strongly processed material which is more typical of Luminous Blue Variables. Our derived photospheric [N/O] ratio for Sher 25 agrees with that for its ring nebula, although a higher degree of CNO processing would be expected if the nebula originated during a red supergiant phase, as is suspected for the ring nebula ejected by the B supergiant progenitor of SN 1987A, Sk–69° 202. Sher 25 has an inferred age of ∼5 Myr in contrast with ∼2 Myr for HD 97950, the ionizing cluster of NGC 3603, so it may be a foreground object or close binary evolution may be responsible for its unusual location in the H-R diagram.
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