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Paper: The Birth and Early Evolution of Star Clusters
Volume: 388, Mass Loss from Stars and the Evolution of Stellar Clusters
Page: 271
Authors: Kroupa, P.
Abstract: Star clusters are observed to form in a highly compact state and with low star-formation efficiencies, and only 10 per cent of all clusters appear to survive to middle- and old-dynamical age. If the residual gas is expelled on a dynamical time the clusters disrupt. Massive clusters may then feed a hot kinematical stellar component into their host-galaxy’s field population thereby thickening galactic disks. Theories of galaxy formation and evolution not taking this into account may be substantially flawed. If the gas-evacuation time-scale depends on cluster mass, then a power-law embedded-cluster mass function may transform within a few dozen Myr to a mass function with a turnover near 105MSolar, thereby possibly explaining this universal empirical feature. Discordant empirical evidence on the mass function of star clusters leads to the insight that the physical processes shaping early cluster evolution remain an issue of cutting-edge research.
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