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Paper: Simulations of Cosmic Chemical Enrichment
Volume: 399, Panoramic Views of Galaxy Formation and Evolution
Page: 195
Authors: Kobayashi, C.
Abstract: We simulate cosmic chemical enrichment with a hydrodynamical model including supernova and hypernova feedback. We find that the majority of stars in present-day massive galaxies formed in much smaller galaxies at high redshifts, despite their late assembly times. As a result, the observed cosmic star formation rates and stellar density evolution are well reproduced simultaneously. The hypernova feedback drives galactic outflows efficiently in low-mass galaxies, and these winds eject heavy elements into the intergalactic medium. The ejected baryon fraction is larger for less massive galaxies and correlates well with stellar metallicity. The observed mass-metallicity relation is well reproduced as a result of the mass-dependent galactic winds.
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