|Two-component Jets and the Fanaroff–Riley Dichotomy
|444, 5th International Conference of Numerical Modeling of Space Plasma Flows (ASTRONUM 2010)
|Meliani, Z.; Keppens, R.
|The two types of Fanaroff–Riley radio loud galaxies, FRI and FRII, exhibit strong jets but with different properties. These differences may be associated to the central engine and/or the external medium. The AGN classification FRI and FRII can be linked to the transverse stratification of the jet. Indeed, theoretical arguments support this transverse stratification of jets with two components induced by intrinsic features of the central engine (accretion disk + black hole). In fact, according to the observations and theoretical models, a typical jet has an inner fast low
density jet, surrounded by a slower, denser, extended jet. We elaborate on this model and
investigate for the first time this two-component jet evolution with very high resolution in 3D. We demonstrate that two-component jets with a high kinetic energy flux contribution from the inner jet are subject to the development of a relativistically enhanced, rotation-induced
Rayleigh–Taylor type non-axisymmetric instability. This instability induces strong mixing between both components, decelerating the inner jet and leading to overall jet decollimation. This novel scenario of sudden jet deceleration and decollimation can explain the radio source Fanaroff–Riley dichotomy as a consequence of
the efficiency of the central engine in launching the inner jet component vs. the outer jet component. We infer that the FRII/FRI transition, interpreted in our two-component jet scenario,
occurs when the relative kinetic energy flux of the inner to the outer jet exceeds a critical ratio.