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Paper: Toward a Better Standard Model for Solar Flares
Volume: 454, The 3rd Hinode Science Meeting
Page: 265
Authors: Chen, P. F.
Abstract: Multiwavelength observations were pieced together to construct the standard reconnection model for two-ribbon flares in the 1960s–1970s, which has set up a framework for understanding the flare and the associated mass ejections. As flares were observed with higher and higher resolutions, accumulating new features have been revealed, which are not expected from the standard model, such as the 3D structures, the kinematics of the flare loop, and the dynamics of the plasma along the flare loop. These challenging features, however, enable us to improve the standard magnetic reconnection model, which would then become more realistic to the solar atmosphere. In addition, the formation of the frontal loop of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) was not well addressed in the standard model. It has been illusive whether the frontal loop is an erupting flux tube or plasma pileup swept by waves. Recent observations shed crucial light on this key issue. In this review paper, I collect the challenging features and comment on how they can be incorporated into the standard model.
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