|Towards a Self-consistent Orbital Evolution for EMRIs
|467, 9th LISA Symposium
|Spallicci, A.; Ritter, P.; Jubertie, S.; Cordier, S.; Aoudia, S.
|We intend to develop part of the theoretical tools needed for the detection of gravitational waves coming from the capture of a compact object, 1–100 M☉, by a Supermassive Black Hole, up to a 109 M☉, located at the centre of most galaxies. The analysis of the accretion activity unveils the star population around the galactic nuclei, and tests the physics of black holes and general relativity.
The captured small mass is considered a probe of the gravitational field of the massive body, allowing a precise measurement of the particle motion up to the final absorption. The knowledge of the gravitational signal, strongly affected by the self-force — the orbital displacement due to the captured mass and the emitted radiation — is imperative for a successful detection.
The results include a strategy for wave equations with a singular source term for all type of orbits. We are now tackling the evolution problem, first for radial fall in Regge-Wheeler gauge, and later for generic orbits in the harmonic or de Donder gauge for Schwarzschild-Droste black holes.
In the Extreme Mass Ratio Inspiral, the determination of the orbital evolution demands that the motion of the small mass be continuously corrected by the self-force, i.e. the self-consistent evolution. At each of the integration steps, the self-force must be computed over an adequate number of modes; further, a differential-integral system of general relativistic equations is to be solved and the outputs regularised for suppressing divergences.
Finally, for the provision of the computational power, parallelisation is under examination.