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Paper: Direct Imaging and Spectroscopy of Extrasolar Planets
Monograph: 9, Protostars and Planets VII
Page: 799
Authors: Currie, T.; Biller, B.; Lagrange, A.; Marois, C.; Guyon, O.; Nielsen, E. L.; Bonnefoy, M.; De Rosa, R. J.
Abstract: Direct imaging and spectroscopy is the likely means by which we will someday identify, confirm, and characterize an Earth-like planet around a nearby Sun-like star. This Chapter summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding discovering and characterizing exoplanets by direct imaging and spectroscopy. We detail instruments and software needed for direct imaging detections and summarize the current inventory of confirmed and candidate directly-imaged exoplanets. Direct imaging and spectroscopy in the past decade has provided key insights into jovian planet atmospheres, probed the demographics of the outskirts of planetary systems, and shed light on gas giant planet formation. We forecast the new tools and future facilities on the ground and in space that will enhance our capabilities for exoplanet imaging and will likely image habitable zone rocky planets around the nearest stars.
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