Back to Volume
Paper: Multidimensional Simulations of Filament Channel Structure and Evolution
Volume: 369, New Solar Physics with Solar-B Mission
Page: 525
Authors: Karpen, J.T.
Abstract: Over the past decade, the NRL Solar Theory group has made steady progress toward formulating a comprehensive model of filament-channel structure and evolution, combining the results of our sheared 3D arcade model for the magnetic field with our thermal nonequilibrium model for the cool, dense material suspended in the corona. We have also discovered that, when a sheared arcade is embedded within the global dipolar field, the resulting stressed filament channel can erupt through the mechanism of magnetic breakout. Our progress has been largely enabled by the development and implementation of state-of-the-art 1D hydrodynamic and 3D magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) codes to simulate the field-aligned plasma thermodynamics and large-scale magneticfield evolution, respectively. Significant questions remain, however, which could be answered with the advanced observations anticipated from Solar-B. In this review, we summarize what we have learned from our simulations about the magnetic and plasma structure, evolution, and eruption of filament channels, and suggest key observational objectives for Solar-B that will test our filamentchannel and CME-initiation models and augment our understanding of the underlying physical processes.
Back to Volume