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Paper: The Expected Photospheric Emission of GRBs in the Internal Shock Model
Volume: 312, Third Rome Workshop on Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Afterglow Era
Page: 415
Authors: Daigne, F.; Mochkovitch, R.
Abstract: The prompt emission of gamma-ray bursts (hereafter GRBs) probably comes from a highly relativistic wind which converts its kinetic energy into radiation via the formation of shocks within the wind itself. Such "internal shocks" can occur if the wind is generated with a highly non uniform distribution of the Lorentz factor Γ. Taking into account such a variable distribution of Γ, we estimate the expected thermal emission of the relativistic wind when it becomes transparent. We compare this emission (temporal profile + spectrum) to the emission produced by the internal shocks. In most cases we predict a rather bright thermal emission that could easily be detected. This favors acceleration mechanisms for the wind where the main energy reservoir is under magnetic rather than thermal form. Such scenarios can produce thermal X-ray precursors comparable to those observed by GINGA and WATCH/GRANAT.
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