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Paper: The Solar Chemical Composition
Volume: 336, COSMIC ABUNDANCES as Records of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis in honor of David L. Lambert
Page: 25
Authors: Asplund, M.; Grevesse, N.; Sauval, A.J.
Abstract: We review our current knowledge of the solar chemical composition as determined from photospheric absorption lines. In particular we describe the recent significant revisions of the solar abundances as a result of the application of a time-dependent, 3D hydrodynamical model of the solar atmosphere instead of 1D hydrostatic models. This has decreased the metal content in the solar convection zone by almost a factor of two compared with the widely used compilation by Anders & Grevesse (1989). While resolving a number of longstandings problems, the new 3D-based element abundances also pose serious challenges, most notably for helioseismology.
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