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Paper: Flux Cancellation in the Solar Photosphere: a near-IR Line of Mn I as a Diagnostic Tool
Volume: 405, Solar Polarization 5: In Honor of Jan Olof Stenflo
Page: 215
Authors: Asensio Ramos, A.; Martínez González, M.J.; López Ariste, A.; Trujillo Bueno, J.; Collados, M.
Abstract: Recently, Asensio Ramos et al. (2007) pointed out that the near-IR line of Mn I at 15262.702 Å provides a new diagnostic window for exploring the magnetism of the quiet Sun. In contrast with previously considered Mn I lines located at visible wavelengths this near-IR line has the advantage that the shape of its intensity profile is very sensitive to the presence of magnetic fields. This enhanced magnetic sensitivity is produced by the coincidence of two favorable facts: the enhanced Zeeman sensitivity of near-IR lines and because this line is subjected to particularly strong Paschen-Back perturbations due to the hyperfine structure of manganese. Of great diagnostic interest is that the intensity profile itself give us information on the unsigned magnetic flux, while the polarization profiles are sensitive to the net flux. An application to spectropolarimetric observations with the Tenerife Infrared Polarimeter has allowed us to obtain the first flux cancellation map in an enhanced network region.
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