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Paper: Coevolution of Galaxies and Supermassive Black Holes: A Key to Fundamental Physics and Galaxy Formation
Volume: 424, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Hellenic Astronomical Society
Page: 367
Authors: Kazantzidis, S.
Abstract: I review the results of the first multi-scale, hydrodynamical simulations of mergers between galaxies with central supermassive black holes (SMBHs) to investigate the formation of SMBH binaries in galactic nuclei. I demonstrate that strong gas inflows due to tidal torques produce nuclear disks at the centers of merger remnants whose properties depend sensitively on the details of gas thermodynamics. In numerical simulations with parsec-scale spatial resolution in the gas component and an effective equation of state appropriate for a starburst galaxy, we show that a SMBH binary forms very rapidly, less than a million years after the merger of the two galaxies, owing to the drag exerted by the surrounding gaseous nuclear disk. Binary formation is significantly suppressed in the presence of a strong heating source such as radiative feedback by the accreting SMBHs.
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