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Paper: HETE-2 Localization and Observations of the Short, Hard Gamma-Ray Burst GRB020531
Volume: 312, Third Rome Workshop on Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Afterglow Era
Page: 94
Authors: Lamb, D.Q.; Ricker, G.R.; Atteia, J.-L.; Hurley, K.; Kawai, N.; Shirasaki, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Tamagawam, T.; Donaghy, T.; Graziani, C.; Barraud, C.; Olive, J.-F.; Yoshida, A.; Torii, K.; Fenimore, E.E.; Galassi, M.; Vanderspek, R.; HETE-2 Science Team
Abstract: The HETE-2 FREGATE and WXM instruments detected a short, hard GRB at 00:26:18.72 UT on 31 May 2002. A preliminary localization was reported as a GCN Position Notice 88 min after the burst, and a refined localization was disseminated 123 minutes later. An IPN localization of the burst was reported 18 hours after the GRB, and a refined IPN localization was disseminated ≈5 days after the burst. The final IPN localization, disseminated on 25 July 2002, is a diamond-shaped region centered on RA=15h 15m 11.18s, Dec=-19° 24′ 27.08″ (J2000), and has an area of ≈9 square arcminutes (99.7% confidence region).The prompt localization of the burst by HETE-2, coupled with the refinement of the localization by the IPN, made possible the most sensitive follow-up observation to date of a short, hard, GRB at radio, optical, and X-ray wavelengths. The time history of GRB020531 at high (> 30 keV) energies consists of a short, intense spike followed by a much less intense secondary peak, which is characteristic of many short, hard bursts. The duration of the burst increases with decreasing energy and the spectrum of the burst evolves from hard to soft, behaviors which are similar to those of long GRBs. This suggests that short, hard, GRBs are closely related to long GRBs.
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