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Paper: Embedded, Accreting Disks in Massive Star Formation
Volume: 387, Massive Star Formation: Observations Confront Theory
Page: 262
Authors: Kratter, K.M.; Matzner, C.D.; Krumholz, M.R.
Abstract: Recent advances in our understanding of massive star formation have made clear the important role of protostellar disks in mediating accretion. Here we describe a simple, semi-analytic model for young, deeply embedded, massive accretion disks. Our approach enables us to sample a wide parameter space of stellar mass and environmental variables, providing a means to make predictions for a variety of sources that next generation telescopes like ALMA and the EVLA will observe. Moreover we include, at least approximately, multiple mechanisms for angular momentum transport, a comprehensive model for disk heating and cooling, and a realistic estimate for the angular momentum in the gas reservoir. We make predictions for the typical sizes, masses, and temperatures of the disks, and describe the role of gravitational instabilities in determining the binarity fraction and upper mass cut-off. We also address the relationship between cooling time and fragmentation seen in a range of disk simulations.
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