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Paper: The VLA Low-frequency Sky Survey (VLSS)
Volume: 395, Frontiers of Astrophysics: A Celebration of NRAO's 50th Anniversary
Page: 370
Authors: Lane, W.M.; Cohen, A.S.; Cotton, W.D.; Perley, R.A.; Condon, J.J.; Lazio, T.J.W.; Kassim, N.E.; Erickson, W.C.
Abstract: We present an overview of the ongoing VLA Low-frequency Sky Survey (VLSS). The VLSS will map an area of 9.1 sr covering the entire sky above a declination of -30 degrees (or 75% of the full sky) at a frequency of 74 MHz (4 meter wavelength), with an unprecedented combination of sensitivity and resolution at this low frequency. The observations are now roughly 95% complete. The observational challenges at this wavelength include radio-frequency interference (RFI), ionospheric phase distortions and a large field of view filled with sources. These challenges have been surmounted by a variety of new algorithms. The principal data products from the survey will be a set of publicly available images along with a source catalog of approximately 80,000 objects. Thus we will create an online virtual observatory at this previously unexplored frequency which will complement other major surveys at higher frequencies such as the NVSS. From these data, statistically useful samples of extragalactic and Galactic objects, such as high-redshift radio galaxies, galaxy clusters, supernova remnants and pulsars can be assembled for further study. In addition, this survey will provide a crucial calibration grid for use with the next-generation of large low frequency telescopes such as the Long Wavelength Array (LWA) and Low Frequency Array (LOFAR). Current data products and more information are available on our website.
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