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Paper: Catching the Binaries Amongst B[e] Stars
Volume: 435, Binaries – Key to Comprehension of the Universe
Page: 395
Authors: Kraus, M.; Borges Fernandes, M.; Chesneau, O.
Abstract: It is surprising to find dust around B type stars, as in the case of B[e] stars. These stars exhibit a dense, dusty environment witnessed by their infrared-excess and many emission lines from permitted and forbidden transitions. Given the large uncertainties on their distances, this spectral type gathers many different kind of sources that may harbor a similar circumstellar environment, i.e. a dense dusty disk. At the exception of Young Stellar Objects, in many cases, it is very difficult to understand the origin of such a disk without invoking binarity. We describe current powerful methods, like spectral disentangling, spectro-astrometry and long baseline interferometry, to detect especially close binaries amongst the unclassified B[e] stars. The role of binary mergers in the formation of the B[e] phenomenon, especially in supergiants and compact PNe, is also discussed.
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