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Paper: Grain Nucleation Experiments and Other Laboratory Data
Volume: 445, Why Galaxies Care about AGB Stars II: Shining Examples and Common Inhabitants
Page: 215
Authors: Andersen, A. C.
Abstract: In order to interpret observations influenced by dust and to perform detailed modeling of the observable characteristics of dust-producing or dust-containing objects, knowledge of the micro-physical properties of relevant dust species are needed. Laboratory measurements of cosmic dust analogues provides essential input for our understanding of how dust particles can influence the dynamics and thermodynamics of the stellar atmosphere by their opacity. The formation of the dust grains influences the stellar atmosphere in two ways. In the gas phase chemistry, dust formation results in a depletion of certain elements, which influences the molecular composition of the gas and consequently the corresponding opacities. On the other hand, dust grains have a rather high mass absorption coefficient, which often may be comparable to the gas opacity or even exceed it. Due to its high opacity and the resulting radiative pressure, the dust has a strong influence on the structure of the atmosphere and the wind properties of AGB stars. Great care is needed when obtaining laboratory data as even a moderate variation of the different micro-physical dust values within the range expected for possible materials has noticeable consequences for the interpretation of the near-infrared colors of AGB stars.
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