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Paper: Spatial Variations of the Interstellar Polarization and Interstellar Extinction
Volume: 510, Stars: From Collapse to Collapse
Page: 78
Authors: Gontcharov, G.
Abstract: For more than 5000 stars with accurate parallaxes from the HiPPARCOS and Gaia DR1 Tycho-Gaia astrometric solution (TGAS), Tycho-2 photometry, interstellar polarization from eight catalogues and interstellar extinction from eight 3D maps the largest up to date comparison of the polarization and extinction is provided. The direct comparison of the data from these catalogues for common stars shows that the data are free from considerable systematic errors and can be used together. The extinction maps give different estimations of the extinction and of the polarization efficiency as the polarization divided into extinction P/AV as well as of the percentage of the stars with the polarization efficiency higher than the limit of Serkowski P/AV>0.03. Using the Hipparcos parallaxes we found about 200 stars (4%, mainly OB stars) drop higher than the limit when we use any extinction map. However, the usage of more accurate TGAS parallaxes decreases them to only 17 stars (0.3%). The polarization and extinction are negligible inside the Local Bubble within 80 pc from the Sun. In the vast Bubble's shell at the distances 80–118 pc from the Sun the polarization and extinction rapidly grow with the distance whereas the position angle of the polarization is oriented predominantly along the shell of the Bubble. Outside the Bubble the polarization and extinction grow with the distance slowly. In addition, within a radius of 80–300 pc of the Sun a disc of some filamentary dust clouds (including well-known Markkanen cloud) is observed as in the polarization map as in the reddening one by Schlegel et al. In this disc the position angle of polarization is preferably oriented along the plane of the disk. For the regions further than 300 pc the position angle of polarization is preferably oriented along the Local spiral arm, i.e. Y coordinate axis. The polarization and its efficiency is lower in the dust layer in the Gould belt than in the equatorial dust layer. It may means different properties of dust in these two layers.
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