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Paper: The Small-N Problem in High Energy Physics
Volume: 371, Statistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy IV
Page: 75
Authors: Cowan, G.
Abstract: In High Energy Physics one often counts events that could come from signal or background processes, where the total number seen is a few or less. One must decide if and when to claim evidence for observation of the signal, and non-observation should be translated into constraints on model parameters. Some of the methods commonly used in Particle Physics are presented and their limitations are discussed.
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