Back to Volume
Paper: Comparison of Scattering Polarization Signals Observed by CLASP: Possible Indication of the Hanle Effect
Volume: 526, Solar Polarization Workshop 8
Page: 305
Authors: Ishikawa, R.; Trujillo Bueno, J.; Uitenbroek, H.; Kubo, M.; Tsuneta, S.; Goto, M.; Kano, R.; Narukage, N.; Bando, T.; Katsukawa, Y.; Ishikawa, S.; Giono, G.; Suematsu, Y.; Hara, H.; Winebarger, A.; Kobayashi, K.; Cirtain, J.; Champey, P.; Auchère, F.; Štěpán, J.; Belluzzi, L.; Asensio Ramos, A.; Manso Sainz, R.; De Pontieu, B.; Ichimoto, K.; Carlsson, M.; Casini, R.
Abstract: The Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha Spectro-Polarimeter (CLASP; Kano et al. 2012; Kobayashi et al. 2012; Kubo et al. 2014) observed, for the first time, the linear polarization produced by scattering processes in the hydrogen Lyman-α (121.57 nm) and Si III (120.56 nm) lines of the solar disk radiation. The complexity of the observed scattering polarization (i.e., conspicuous spatial variations in Q/I and U/I at spatial scales of 10″–20″ and the absence of center-to- limb variation at the Lyman-α center; see Kano et al. 2017) motivated us to search for possible hints of the operation of the Hanle effect by comparing: (a) the Lyman-α line center signal, for which the critical field strength (BH) for the onset of the Hanle effect is 53 G, (b) the Lyman-α wing, which is insensitive to the Hanle effect, and (c) the Si III line, whose BH = 290 G. We focus on four regions with different total unsigned photospheric magnetic fluxes (estimated from SDO/HMI observations), and compare the corresponding U/I spatial variations in the Lyman-α wing, Lyman-α center, and Si III line. The U/I signal in the Lyman-α wing shows an antisymmetric spatial distribution, which is caused by the presence of a bright structure in all the selected regions, regardless of the total unsigned photospheric magnetic flux. In an internetwork region, the Lyman-α center shows an antisymmetric spatial variation across the selected bright structure, but it does not show it in other more magnetized regions. In the Si III line, the spatial variation of U/I deviates from the above-mentioned antisymmetric shape as the total unsigned photospheric magnetic flux increases. We argue that a plausible explanation of this differential behavior is the operation of the Hanle effect. This work, presented in an oral contribution at this Workshop, has been published on The Astrophysical Journal (Ishikawa et al. 2017).
Back to Volume