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Paper: Remarkable Disk and Off-nuclear Starburst Activity in the Tadpole Galaxy, UGC10214
Volume: 381, The Second Annual Spitzer Science Center Conference: Infrared Diagnostics of Galaxy Evolution
Page: 161
Authors: Jarrett, T.H.; the SWIRE Team
Abstract: We present ground-based optical and Spitzer infrared imaging observations of the interacting galaxy UGC 10214, the “Tadpole Galaxy” (z = 0.0310), focusing on the star formation activity in the nuclear, disk, spiral arms and tidal tail regions. The major findings of this study are that the Tadpole is actively forming stars in the main disk outside of the nucleus and in the tidal plume, with an estimated mean star formation rate of 2 to 4 M/yr. The most prominent sites of mid-infrared emission define a ring morphology that, combined with the overall morphology of the system, suggest the interaction may belong to the rare class of off-center collisional ring systems that form both shock-induced rings of star formation and tidal plumes. The nuclear emission is solely powered by older stars, with little evidence for ongoing star formation at the center of the Tadpole. Extra-nuclear star formation accounts for greater than 50% of the total star formation in the disk and spiral arms, featuring infraredbright “hot spots” that exhibit strong PAH emission, whose band strength is comparable to that of late-type star-forming disk galaxies. The tidal tail, which extends ∼2 arcmin (∼75 kpc) into the intergalactic medium, is populated by super massive star clusters, likely triggered by the galaxy-galaxy interaction that has distorted UGC 10214 into its current “tadpole” shape.
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