Back to Volume
Paper: Identifying the Obscured Black-Hole Growth Phase of Distant Massive Galaxies
Volume: 419, Galaxy Evolution: Emerging Insights and Future Challenges
Page: 381
Authors: Alexander, D. M.
Abstract: It is well established that a dominant phase in the growth of massive galaxies occurred at high redshift and was heavily obscured by gas and dust. Many studies have explored the stellar growth of massive galaxies but few have combined these constraints with the growth of the supermassive black hole (SMBH; i.e., identified as AGN activity). In this brief contribution we highlight our work aimed at identifying AGNs in z≈2 luminous dust-obscured galaxies. Using both sensitive X-ray and infrared (IR)–submillimeter (submm) observations, we show that AGN activity is common in z≈2 dust-obscured systems. With a variety of techniques we have found that the majority of the AGN activity is heavily obscured, and construct diagnostics based on X-ray–IR data to identify some of the most heavily obscured AGNs in the Universe (i.e.,\ AGNs obscured by Compton-thick material; NH > 1.5×1024 cm-2). On the basis of these techniques we show that SMBH growth was typically heavily obscured (NH ≥1023 cm-2) at z≈2, and find that the growth of the SMBH and spheroid was closely connected, even in the most rapidly evolving systems.
Back to Volume