Back to Volume
Paper: New Frontiers in Protostellar Multiplicity with the ngVLA
Monograph: 7, Science with a Next Generation Very Large Array
Page: 333
Authors: Tobin, J. J.; Sheehan, P.; Johnstone, D.
Abstract: The ngVLA will enable significant advances in our understanding of the formation and evolution of multiple star systems in the protostellar phase, building upon the breakthroughs enabled by the VLA. The high-sensitivity and resolution at 3 mm wavelengths and longer will enable closer multiple systems to be discovered in the nearby star forming regions. The ngVLA is incredibly important for multiplicity studies because dust opacity at short wavelengths (< 3 mm) can hide multiplicity and the long wavelengths are needed to reveal forming multiples in the youngest systems. The samples sizes can be expanded to encompass star forming regions at distances of at least 1.5 kpc, enabling statistical studies that are on par with studies of field star multiplicity. We verify the capability of the ngVLA to detect and resolve multiple star systems at distances out to 1.5 kpc using empirical examples of systems detected by the VLA and scaling them to greater distances. We also use radiative transfer models and simulations to verify that the ngVLA can resolve close binary systems from their dust emission at these distances. The ngVLA will also have excellent imaging capability and the circum-multiple environments can also be examined in great detail.
Back to Volume