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Paper: Deep Learning for Supernova Remnants Detection and Localization
Volume: 522, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XXVII
Page: 451
Authors: Liu, W.; Yu, X. C.; Wang, B. Y.
Abstract: Detecting candidates of supernova remnants (SNRs) in the interstellar medium is a challenging task because SNRs have weak radio signals and irregular shapes. The use of a convolutional neural network is a deep learning method that can help us extract various features from images. To extract SNRs from astronomical images and estimate the positions of SNR candidates, we design the SNR-Net model composed of a training component and a detection component. In addition, migration learning is used to initialize the network parameters, which improves the speed and accuracy of network training.To accelerate the scientific computing process, we take advantage of innovative hardware architecture, such as deep learning optimized graphics processing units, which increase the speed of computation by a factor of 5. A case study suggests that SNR-Net may be applicable to detecting extended sources in the images automatically.
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