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Paper: The Molecular High-z Universe on Large Scales: Low-Surface-Brightness CO and the Strength of the ngVLA Core
Monograph: 7, Science with a Next Generation Very Large Array
Page: 587
Authors: Emonts, B.; Carilli, C.; Narayanan, D.; Lehnert, M.; Nyland, K.
Abstract: The next-generation Very Large Array (ngVLA) will revolutionize our understanding of the Early Universe by tracing the coldest phase of molecular gas – the raw ingredient for star formation – in the most distant galaxies and galaxy-clusters. The km-scale core of the ngVLA will be densely packed with antennas, making it a prime instrument for imaging low-surface-brightness emission from large-scale molecular gas in the high-z circum- and inter-galactic medium (CGM/IGM). Recent studies indicate that large amounts of cold molecular gas are hiding in the 10s–100 kpc environments of distant galaxies, but that technical limitations on existing telescope arrays have prevented us from efficiently detecting these large molecular reservoirs. This may have led to a severly biased view of the molecular Universe. In this chapter we explore of potential for low-surface-brightness CO observations of the Early Universe, and how the core of the ngVLA will reveal the cold molecular Universe to limits and at scales not currently detectable by radio telescopes. As such, the ngVLA core will be a powerful instrument for studying the cold baryon cycle that drives the early evolution of galaxies and clusters.
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