Title: Galactic Archaeology: Near-Field Cosmology and the Formation of the Milky Way
Volume: 458 Year: 2012 View this Volume on ADS
Editors: Wako Aoki
Galactic Archaeology is an approach to revealing the formation and
evolution of Local Group galaxies and the Milky Way through detailed
chemical and dynamical studies of individual stars. Many physical and
chemical processes in stars and interstellar matter are related to the
formation and evolution of galaxies. Rapid progress in observational
studies of substructure in the Milky Way and nearby galaxies with large
telescopes is stimulating efforts to combine all knowledge obtained in
these fields. The formation of structures in such galaxies reflects the
nature of dark matter and the expanding universe, indicating that
Galactic Archaeology enhances our understanding of cosmology.
is book contains the proceedings of this Galactic Archaeology
conference, which was the third meeting of the Subaru International
Conference series organized by the Subaru Telescope of the National
Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), as well as the first NAOJ
symposium. In the conference, 60 oral talks and 84 posters were
presented, covering a wide variety of topics related to Galactic Archaeology,
including supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, early generations
of stars, chemical evolution, substructures of the Milky Way, dwarf
galaxies in the Local Group, and dark matter. Future prospects for
instrumentation and observing projects were reviewed. Active discussions
included 141 participants from 23 countries and regions. The
papers contained in this book provide a useful overview of the current
status of this field and a unique record of discussions in the growing era
of Galactic Archaeology and Near-Field Cosmology.
ISBN: 978-1-58381-798-8 eISBN: 978-1-58381-799-5
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Paper Title Page Authors
Front Matter   
Front Matter Wako Aoki
Conference Photos 1 Wako Aoki
Part I. Nucleosynthesis, Supernovae and GRBs   
Nucleosynthesis in Hypernovae and Faint Supernovae and Abundance Patterns of Extremely Metal-Poor Stars 3 Nomoto, K.
Nucleosynthesis in Stellar Explosions from Early Stars 11 Heger, A.; Woosley, S.; Vo, P.; Chen, K.; Joggerst, C.
Radioactivities from Supernovae and Its Application to Cosmochronology 17 Nakamura, K.; Hayakawa, T.; Cheoun, M.-K.; Chiba, S.; Kajino, T.; Mathews, G. J.
Observational Studies of Type Ia Supernovae at High and Intermediate redshift 21 Doi, M.; Suzuki, N.; Supernova Cosmology Project
Nucleosynthesis in Type Ia Supernovae and Observational Constraints 27 Maeda, K.
Supernova Neutrino-Process and Implication in Neutrino Oscillation 31 Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Fujiya, W.; Mathews, G. J.; Yoshida, T.; Shaku, K.; Nakamura, K.; Hayakawa, T.
The slow neutron capture process at low metallicity 35 Karakas, A. I.; Lugaro, M.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Rijs, C.
Bridging the Mass Divide: Super & Massive AGB Star Yields 39 Doherty, C. L.; Gil-Pons, P.; Lau, H. H. B.; Lattanzio, J. C.
Neutron-Capture Nucleosynthesis in AGB Stars and their Connection with Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies and the Galactic Halo 41 Fishlock, C. K.; Karakas, A. I.; Yong, D.
Supernova Progenitor Mass and Metallicity from Integral Field Spectroscopic Study of the Environment 43 Kuncarayakti, H.; Doi, M.; Aldering, G.; Arimoto, N.; Maeda, K.; Morokuma, T.; Pereira, R.; Usuda, T.; Hashiba, Y.
3D Hydrodynamical Simulations of Proton Ingestion 45 Stancliffe, R. J.; Dearborn, D. S. P.; Lattanzio, J. C.; Heap, S. A.; Campbell, S. W.
Nucleosynthesis in Gamma-Ray Bursts and Supernovae: Constraints of Extremely Metal-Poor Stars 47 Tominaga, N.
Late-Phase Observations of a Super-Chandrasekhar SN Ia 49 Yamanaka, M.; Kawabata, K. S.; Maeda, K.; Tanaka, M.; Yoshida, M.; Hattori, T.; Nomoto, K.; Komatsu, T.; Okushima, T.
Contribution of Very Massive Population III Stars to the Chemical Enrichment 51 Yokoyama, T.; Tominaga, N.
Part II. Early Generations of Stars   
Extremely Metal-Poor Stars in the Milky Way Halo 55 Aoki, W.
Outliers in the 0Z Survey 61 Cohen, J. G.; Christlieb, N.; Thompson, I.; McWilliam, A.; Shectman, S.
Star Formation History of Our Galaxy Explored with AGB Star Evolution Models 65 Suda, T.; Komiya, Y.; Aoki, W.; Yamada, S.; Katsuta, Y.; Fujimoto, M. Y.
Detailed Abundances in Extremely Metal Poor Dwarf Stars Extracted from SDSS 69 Sbordone, L.; Bonifacio, P.; Caffau, E.; Ludwig, H.-G.
Binaries in r-Process Enhanced Extremely Metal-Poor Stars: Chemical Tagging in the Early Galactic Halo 73 Andersen, J.; Nordström, B.; Hansen, T.; Buchhave, L.; Beers, T. C.
Molybdenum Abundances in Metal-Poor Stars 75 Peterson, R. C.
Making Good Use of Bad Weather: Finding Extremely Metal-Poor Stars in the Clouds 77 Placco, V.; Beers, T. C.; Rossi, S.; Kennedy, C.; Christlieb, N.; Lee, Y. S.; Sivarani, T.
The Scatter of Be Abundances in Extremely Metal-Poor Stars 79 Smiljanic, R.; Pasquini, L.; Bonifacio, P.
Effects of Photodissociation on the Fragmentation of Accretion Disk around Proto First Stars 81 Susa, H.
Behavior of [S/Fe] Obtained from Near-IR S I Lines at 10456–9 Å 83 Takada-Hidai, M.; Takeda, Y.
Part III. Chemical Evolution   
Stellar-Mass Metallicity Relation at z ∼ 1.4 87 Ohta, K.; Yabe, K.; Iwamuro, F.; Yuma, S.; Akiyama, M.; Tamura, N.; FMOS team
Dust Lifecycle and Processing in the Interstellar Medium 93 Onaka, T.; Kaneda, H.; Sakon, I.; Ohsawa, R.; Mori, T. I.; Koo, B.-C.; Seok, J. Y.
The Infant Milky Way 99 Salvadori, S.; Ferrara, A.
Abundance Trends in the Milky Way Disk as Observed by SEGUE 105 Cheng, J. Y.; Rockosi, C. M.; Morrison, H. L.; Schönrich, R. A.; Lee, Y. S.; Beers, T. C.
3D and NLTE Effects on Spectroscopic Parameters of Late-Type Stars 109 Lind, K.; Bergemann, M.; Collet, R.; Asplund, M.; Magic, Z.
Elemental and Isotopic Abundances and Chemical Evolution of Galaxies 113 Kobayashi, C.
From the Solar Neighbourhood to the Galactic Disc(s) 121 Casagrande, L.
RAMSES-CH: A New Chemodynamics Code 125 Few, C. G.; Courty, S.; Gibson, B. K.
Contribution of HdC Stars to the Galactic Enrichment: The Sr-rich HdC Star HE 1015-2050 127 Goswami, A.; Aoki, W.
Type-Ia SNR-Shell at z=3.5 Seen in the Three Sightlines toward the Gravitationally Lensed QSO B1422+231 129 Hamano, S.; Kobayashi, N.; Kondo, S.; Tsujimoto, T.; Okoshi, K.; Shigeyama, T.
Hierarchical Chemical Evolution and R-process Elements of Extremely Metal-Poor Stars 131 Komiya, Y.; Yamada, S.; Suda, T.; Fujimoto, M. Y.
Diagnosis of PAH Properties and ISM Conditions based on the Near-Infrared and Mid-Infrared UIR Bands 133 Mori, T. I.; Sakon, I.; Onaka, T.; Kaneda, H.; Umehata, H.; Ohsawa, R.
Formation and Evolution of Dust in Various Types of Supernovae 135 Nozawa, T.; Kozasa, T.; Maeda, K.; Nomoto, K.; Umeda, H.; Tominaga, N.; Habe, A.
Dust and Chemical Abundances of the Young Planetary Nebula M1-11; First Detection of Fullerenes C60 137 Otsuka, M.; Kemper, F.; Sargent, B.; Hyung, S.; Meixner, M.; Tajitsu, A.; Yanagisawa, K.
Multi-Epoch Observations of Dust Formed around WR140 139 Sakon, I.; Ohsawa, R.; Asano, K.; Mori, T. I.; Onaka, T.; Nozawa, T.; Kozasa, T.; Fujiyoshi, T.
Chemical Abundances of Upper Red Giant Branch Halo Stars 141 Vargas, L. C.; Aoki, W.
The AMBRE Project: Exploring Stellar Populations in the Milky Way Disk with FEROS Archived Spectra 143 Worley, C. C.; de Laverny, P.; Recio-Blanco, A.; Hill, V.; Kordopatis, G.
Part IV. MilkyWay Galaxy   
Evolution of the Milky Way: Some Open Issues for Gaia 147 Gilmore, G.
On the Nature of the Stellar Bridge Between Leo IV and Leo V 153 Jin, S.; Martin, N.; de Jong, J.; Conn, B.; Rix, H.-W.; Irwin, M.
Chemical Abundances of the Kinematically Selected Thick Disk and Halo Stars 157 Ishigaki, M.; Chiba, M.; Aoki, W.
A Small Slice of the Milky Way Disk in SDSS 161 Smith, M. C.
Milky Way Kinematics from RAVE Data 167 Pasetto, S.; Grebel, E. K.; the RAVE Co.
Abundance Trends in the Inner and Outer Galactic Disk 171 Bensby, T.; Alves-Brito, A.; Oey, M. S.; Yong, D.; Meléndez, J.
Metallicity and Kinematics of Thick Disc Stars at Intermediate Galactic Latitudes 175 Kordopatis, G.; Recio-Blanco, A.; de Laverny, P.; Gilmore, G.; Hill, V.; Wyse, R. F. G.; Helmi, A.; Bijaoui, A.; Zoccali, M.; Bienaymé, O.
Metallicity Distribution of the Galactic Halo from SDSS Photometry 179 An, D.; Beers, T. C.; Johnson, J. A.; Pinsonneault, M. H.; Lee, Y. S.; Ivezić, Z.; Newby, M.
The Galactic Bulge Radial Velocity/Abundance Assay 185 Rich, R. M.
Unfolding the Milky Way Bulge 191 Gonzalez, O. A.; Rejkuba, M.; Zoccali, M.; Valenti, E.; Minniti, D.
Signatures of Formation: The Galactic Bulge of the Milky Way 195 Ness, M.; Freeman, K.; Athanassoula, E.
Chemical Evolution of the Galactic Disk(s) 201 Bensby, T.; Feltzing, S.
Signatures of an Intermediate-Age Metal-Rich Bulge Population 203 Bensby, T.; Feltzing, S.; Gould, A.; Johnson, J. A.; Asplund, M.; Adén, D.; Meléndez, J.; Cohen, J. G.; Thompson, I.; Lucatello, S.; Gal-Yam, A.
The Case of the Missing Cyanogen-rich AGB Stars in Galactic Globular Clusters 205 Campbell, S. W.; Yong, D.; Wylie-de Boer, E. C.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Lattanzio, J. C.; Angelou, G. C.; Grundahl, F.; Sneden, C.
Kinematics of Stars Along the Sagittarius Trailing Tidal Tail and Constraints on the Milky Way Mass Distribution 207 Carlin, J. L.
Chemical Fingerprinting of Stellar Populations in the Milky Way Halo 209 Chou, M.-Y.; Majewski, S. R.; Cunha, K.; Smith, V. V.; Patterson, R. J; Martínez-Delgado, D.
Slicing the Monoceros Overdensity 211 Conn, B.; Noël, N.; Rix, H.-W.; Martin, N.; Lane, R.; Lewis, G.; Irwin, M.; Ibata, R.; Dolphin, A.; Chapman, S.
Chemically Tagging Disk Fossils: the Case of the Hyades Supercluster 215 De Silva, G. M.; Freeman, K. C.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Asplund, M.
Chemical Enrichment Mechanisms in Omega Centauri: Clues from Neutron-Capture Elements 217 D'Orazi, V.; Gratton, R.; Pancino, E.; Bragaglia, A.; Carretta, E.; Lucatello, S.; Sneden, C.
A Matched Filter Analysis of SDSS DR8 Photometry in the Vicinity of the Cetus Polar Stream 219 Grillmair, C. J.
The AMANOGAWA-2SB Surevey and the Gas Density Histogram of Milky Way Galaxy to Address the Origin of the Density Structure of ISM 221 Handa, T.; Yoda, T.; Kohno, K.; Morino, J.-i.; Nakajima, T.; Kuno, N.; Ogawa, H.; Kimura, K.
Slowly Orbiting Old Open Clusters in the Galactic Outerdisk 223 Hasegawa, T.; Sakamoto, T.
Distribution Function of the Milky Way Inner Halo 225 Hattori, K.; Yoshii, Y.; Beers, T. C.; Carollo, D.
Natures of Clump-Origin Bulges: Similarities to the Milky Way Bulge 227 Inoue, S.
Observational Properties of the Chemically Divided Galactic Disks 229 Lee, Y. S.; Beers, T. C.; An, D.; the SEGUE Collaboration
Cepheids as Tracers of the Galactic Structure and Evolution 231 Matsunaga, N.
Near-Infrared Study of the X-ray Point Sources Constituting the Galactic Ridge X-ray Emission 233 Morihana, K.; Tsujimoto, M.; Ebisawa, K.
Chemical Tagging of Kinematic Stellar Groups in the Milky Way Disk 235 Nordström, B.; Stonkutė, E.; Tautvaišienė, G.; Zenovienė, R.
UV Bright Stars in Globular Clusters 237 Parthasarathy, M.; Jasniewicz, G.; Aoki, W.; Takeda, Y.
Metallicity Gradients in Simulated Disk Galaxies 241 Pilkington, K.; Gibson, B. K.
Measurement of a Rotation Velocity of the Outer Galaxy with VERA: Mass Distribution of the Galaxy 243 Sakai, N.; Honma, M.; Nakanishi, H.; Sakanoue, H.; Kurayama, T.; VERA project member
Stellar Streams Traced by the Mira Variable Stars in the Galactic Halo 245 Sakamoto, T.; Matsunaga, N.; Hasegawa, T.; Nakada, Y.
Detailed Chemical Abundances of Four Stars in the Unusual Globular Cluster, Palomar 1 247 Sakari, C. M.; Venn, K. A.; Irwin, M.; Aoki, W.; Arimoto, N.; Dotter, A.
Part V. Local Group and Nearby Galaxies   
The Local Group in Cosmological Context 251 Wyse, R. F. G.
A Relic Star Cluster in the Sextans Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy – Implications for Early Star and Galaxy Formation 257 Karlsson, T.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.
Origin and Evolution of Structure and Nucleosynthesis for Galaxies in the Local Group 261 Mathews, G. J.; Zhao, X.; Lan, N. Q.
Wide-Field Views of Nearby Galaxies 265 Ferguson, A. M. N.
Near Field Cosmology with the Pan-Andromeda Archaeological Survey 271 McConnachie, A. W.; the PAndAS collaboration
The Newly-Discovered Outer Halo Globular Cluster System of M31 275 Mackey, D.; Huxor, A.; Ferguson, A.
Structure and Population of the NGC 55 Stellar Halo from a Subaru/Suprime-Cam Survey 279 Tanaka, M.; Chiba, M.; Komiyama, Y.; Guhathakurta, P.; Kalirai, J. S.
The Stellar Populations of Ultra Faint Dwarf Galaxies 283 Okamoto, S.; Arimoto, N.
Stellar Populations Gradients in Isolated Dwarf Galaxies 287 Hidalgo, S. L.; the LCID group
Galactic Archaeology Using Star Clusters in Nearby Galaxies 291 Lee, M. G.
Abundance Patterns and the Chemical Enrichment of Nearby Dwarf Galaxies 297 Hill, V.; the DART collaboration
The Inhomogeneous Chemical Evolution of the Carina Dwarf Galaxy 303 Venn, K.; Lemasle, B.; Shetrone, M.; Hill, V.; Tolstoy, E.; Irwin, M.
Heavy Neutron-Capture Elements in Extremely Metal-Poor Stars in Dwarf Galaxies 307 Honda, S.; Aoki, W.; Arimoto, N.; Sadakane, K.
Extremely Low-Metallicity Stars in the Classical Dwarf Galaxies 311 Starkenburg, E.; the DART Team
The Star Formation History in the Far Outer Disc of M31: A Recent Burst Triggered by Interaction with M33? 315 Bernard, E. J.; Ferguson, A. M. N.; Barker, M. K.
Outside-in Evolution of the Outer Large Magellanic Cloud Disk 317 Carrera, R.
Andromeda and its Satellites: A Kinematic Perspective 319 Collins, M. L. M.; Rich, R. M.; Chapman, S. C.
How Unique Is the Local Group? A Comparison to the Nearby Centaurus A Group 321 Crnojević, D.; Grebel, E. K.; Ferguson, A. M. N.; Cole, A. A.; Koch, A.; Rejkuba, M.; Da Costa, G.; Jerjen, H.; Irwin, M. J.
Extended Star Clusters: New Archaeological Tracers of Galaxy Evolution? 323 Hwang, N.
Hermes and the Sagittarius Dwarf: A Low Metallicity Goldmine? 325 Hyde, E. A.; Zucker, D. B.; Irwin, M.; Peñarrubia, J.; Koch, A.
Metallicity of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies 327 Kim, J. H.; McGaugh, S.
The Chemical Evolution of Milky Way Satellite Galaxies from Keck/DEIMOS Multi-Element Abundance Measurements 329 Kirby, E. N.; Cohen, J. G.
A Study of Star Clusters in IC10 using SUBARU Suprime-Cam and MOIRCS Data 331 Lim, S.; Lee, M. G.
Spatially Resolved Spectroscopic Observations of a Possible E+A Progenitor SDSS J160241.00+521426.9 333 Matsubayashi, K.
Interaction between M31 and the Progenitor Dwarf Galaxy of the Andromeda Stellar Stream 335 Miki, Y.; Mori, M.; Kawaguchi, T.; Rich, R. M.
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Passively Evolving Galaxies at z > 1.4 with Subaru/MOIRCS 337 Onodera, M.
Blue Stragglers in Milky Way Satellites 339 Santana, F. A.; Muñoz, R. R.; Geha, M.; Coté, P.; Stetson, P.; Simon, J.; Djorgovski, S. G.
A New Method of Determining the Pattern Speed of the LMC 341 Shimizu, T.; Yoshii, Y.
A Formation of Stephan's Quintet based on Star Clusters 343 Sohn, J.; Lim, S.; Lee, M. G.
Reducing Multi-Pointing Poor Galaxy Groups Optical Images Using THELI Pipeline 345 Sotoudeh, S.; Joveini, R.
α-Elements Abundances in the Large Magellanic Cloud Bar 347 Van Swaelmen, M. d.; Hill, V.; Primas, F.
Blue Straggler Stars in Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies 349 Zhao, Z.; Okamoto, S.; Arimoto, N.; Aoki, W.; Kodama, T.
Part VI. Dark Matter   
Direct Detection of Dark Matter 353 Moriyama, S.
Probing the Formation of the Milk Way 359 O'Shea, B. W.; Gomez, F.; Coleman-Smith, C.; Minchev, I.; Tumlinson, J.; Lee, Y. S.; Beers, T.; An, D.
Early Evolution of the Milky Way Satellite System 367 Hensler, G.; Petrov, M.
Accurate Stellar Kinematics at Faint Magnitudes: Application to the Boötes I Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy 375 Koposov, S.
Counting Dark Sub-halos with Star Stream Gaps 379 Carlberg, R. G.
Dark Matter Profiles in Galactic Dwarf Satellites: Constraints from Non-Spherical Mass Models 383 Hayashi, K.; Chiba, M.
The Core-Cusp Problem in CDM Halos and Supernova Feedback 385 Ogiya, G.; Mori, M.
Grand Rotation Curve, Dark Halo, and Baryon Fraction in the Milky Way Galaxy 389 Sofue, Y.
Part VII. Future Prospects   
The HERMES Project: Reconstructing Galaxy Formation 393 Freeman, K. C.
Galactic Archaeology with Subaru: Prospects for Wide-Field Surveys 399 Chiba, M.
The LAMOST Spectroscopic Survey of Milky Way Stars (LEGUE) 405 Newberg, H. J.; Carlin, J. L.; Chen, L.; Deng, L.; Lépine, S.; Liu, X.; Yang, F.; Yuan, H.-B.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, Y.; the LEGUE Working Group; the LAMOST-PLUS Partnership
SkyMapper and Galactic Archaeology 409 Keller, S. C.; the SkyMapper and AEGIS teams
SkyMapper and AEGIS: Tracing the Structure and Evolution of the Galaxy 413 Casey, A. R.; Keller, S. C.; Ness, M. K.; the AEGIS collaboration; the SkyMapper team
Design and Capabilities of the AAT/HERMES Spectrograph 415 De Silva, G. M.; Heijmans, J.; Gers, L.; Zucker, D.; the AAO HERMES team
Infrared Space Astrometry Missions ∼ JASMINE Missions ∼ 417 Gouda, N.
Gaia: Mapping The Milky Way 419 Walton, N. A.; Prusti, T.; Brown, A. G. A.; Jordi, C.; Klioner, S. A.; Lindegren, L.; Mignard, F.; Randich, S.; Soubiran, C.
The Galactic Archaeology with HERMES Survey 421 Zucker, D. B.; De Silva, G.; Freeman, K.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; the HERMES Team
Part VIII. Closing   
Conference Summary 425 Renzini, A.
Author Index 431 Wako Aoki
Back Matter   
Back Matter 435