Title: Approaching Micro-Arcsecond Resolution with VSOP-2: Astrophysics and Technologies
Volume: 402 Year: 2009 View Volume 402 on ADS
Editors: Hagiwara, Yoshiaki; Fomalont, Ed; Tsuboi, Masato; Murata, Yasuhiro
These proceedings contain 137 contributions from a conference held in Sagamihara, Japan in December 2007, which was attended by over 136 participants from 16 countries. The goal of the conference was to discuss many aspects of the upcoming VSOP-2 mission, a next generation radio Space-VLBI project with a resolution of 38 microseconds at 43 Ghz.

The volume contains articles related to Space-VLBI, a VSOP-2 technical overview, the scientific results from VSOP-1, and goals for VSOP-2 in galactic, extragalactic, and astrometric research. More specific topics include accretion disks around super massive black holes in AGN, the regions of relativistic jet formation and collimation, the magnetospheres around protostars, and the properties and dynamical motions of cosmic masers both in stars and active galaxies. The observing strategies and science targets of VSOP-2, Space-VLBI-related technologies, operational issues, and international collaborations are also included.
ISBN: 978-1-58381-679-0 eISBN: 978-1-58381-680-6
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Paper Title Page Authors
Volume 402 Cover Hagiwara, Y.; Fomalont, E.; Tsuboi, M.; Murata, Y.
Front Matter   
Volume 402 Front Matter 1 Hagiwara, Y.; Fomalont, E.; Tsuboi, M.; Murata, Y.
Conference Photo   
Volume 402 Conference Photograph 2 Hagiwara, Y.; Fomalont, E.; Tsuboi, M.; Murata, Y.
Part 1.
History of Space-VLBI
Early History of Space-VLBI in Japan 3 Hirabayashi, H.
Early Days of VLBI in Space 10 Burke, B.
Lessons Learned from VSOP 15 Jauncey, D.
HALCA Data Recording and ASTRO-G? 18 Kawaguchi, N.
Part 2.
VSOP-2 Overview
VSOP-2/ASTRO-G Project 25 Saito, H.; VSOP-2/ASTRO-G Project Team
VSOP-2/ASTRO-G Project Overview for the Astronomy Community 30 Tsuboi, M.; VSOP-2/ASTRO-G Project Team
VSOP-2 Operations 36 Murata, Y.; VSOP-2/ASTRO-G Project Team
VSOP-2 Antenna and its Structure 41 Higuchi, K.; Kishimoto, N.; Mizuno, T.; Kawahara, K.; Tachikawa, S.; Murata, Y.; Tsuboi, M.; Ogawa, H.; Kimura, S.; Ujihara, H.; Meguro, A.; Tanaka, H.; Yoshihara, M.; IIkura, S.
ASTRO-G Observing Systems 46 Doi, A.; Tsuboi, M.; Kono, Y.; Takeuchi, H.; Mochizuki, N.; Murata, Y.; ASTRO-G Group
VSOP-2 Orbit Determination 51 Takeuchi, H.; VSOP-2 Orbit Det. Sub-Working Group
Attitude Control System Design for Fast Rest-to-Rest Attitude Maneuver 56 Sakai, S.; Bando, N.; Hashimoto, T.; Murata, Y.; Mochizuki, N.; Nakamura, T.; Kamiya, T.; Ogura, N.; Maeda, K.
Measurement of the Antenna Mesh: Characteristics for VSOP-2/ASTRO-G 66 Ujihara, H.; Bushimata, T.
Designs and Development of Multimode Horns for ASTRO-G/VSOP-2 Satellite 70 Ujihara, H.
Simulation of the Optical System for the ASTRO-G Offset Cassegrain Antenna 74 Kimura, K.; Toshikawa, T.; Shiroyama, N.; Kurozumi, A.; Ojima, T.K.; Abe, Y.; Yonekura, Y.; Ogawa, H.; Ujihara, H.; Murata, Y.; Tsuboi, M.; Kasuga, T.
A VLBA Upgrade Conforming to VSOP-2 Specifications 77 Romney, J.
A New Method to Measure the System Noise Temperature Using a 2-bit A/D 81 Nakatake, A.; Takeda, K.; Namikawa, D.; Kameno, S.
SAMURAI Mission of Opportunity Proposal 85 Murphy, D.W.
Part 3.
3C 84 Expanding Radio Lobe Revealed by VSOP Observations 91 Asada, K.; Kameno, S.; Shen, Z.-Q.; Shinji, H.; Gabuzda, D.C.; Inoue, M.
AGN Science with VSOP and Prospects for VSOP-2 96 Kameno, S.
Analysis of the Orbital Elements of Binary Black Hole in the Quasar 3C 380 102 Matsui, T.; Kameno, S.; Nakamura, K.; Namikawa, D.; Ekawa, T.
Constraining the Synchrotron Age of 3C 84 106 Nagai, H.; Asada, K.; Doi, A.; Kameno, S.; Inoue, M.
Disk-Jet Connection in the Nearby Low Luminosity AGN M 81: A Proposal for VSOP-2 Key Science Program 110 Nagai, H.; Asada, K.; Doi, A.; Kino, M.; Kameno, S.; VSOP-2 Science Working Group
VSOP Observations of the Gamma-Ray Sources J1733−1304, J1625−2527, and J1015+4926 112 Nakagawa, A.; Murata, Y.; Edwards, P.G.; Wajima, K.; Omodaka, T.
Plasma and Molecular Tori in the Active Galaxy NGC 1052 116 Nakamura, K.; Namikawa, D.; Kameno, S.; Sawada-Satoh, S.; Yoshikawa, R.; Nakai, N.; Satoh, N.
Spatial Distribution of an AGN Plasma Torus with 0.04-parsec Resolution 120 Namikawa, D.; Nakamura, K.; Kameno, S.; Sawada-Sato, S.
Structure and Kinematics of the CO (2-1) Emission in the Central Region of NGC 4258 123 Sawada-Satoh, S.; Ho, P.T.P.; Muller, S.; Matsushita, S.; Lim, J.
Positional Coincidence of H2O Maser and a Plasma Obscuring Torus in the Radio Galaxy NGC 1052 127 Sawada-Satoh, S.; Kameno, S.; Nakamura, K.; Namikawa, D.; Shibata, K.M.; Inoue, M.
VLBI Observations of the CSO Source Mrk 231 131 Tamura, S.; Murata, Y.; Asada, K.
HALCA Observation Results and Implications for VSOP-2 Observations of Blazars 135 Wajima, K.
VSOP Imaging of the Quasar PKS 1402+044 at z = 3.2 139 Yang, J.; Gurvits, L.I.; Frey, S.; Lobanov, A.P.; Hong, X.-Y.
Conclusions from the Image Analysis of the VSOP Survey 143 Dodson, R.; Fomalont, E.; Wiik, K.
The Deep Interferometric VSOP–Arecibo Survey (DIVAS) 148 Edwards, P.; Hirabayashi, H.; Ulvestad, J.S.; Salter, C.; Ghosh, T.; Gurvits, L.I.; Fomalont, E.B.
High-Redshift Quasars at the Highest Resolution: VSOP Results 152 Frey, S.; Gurvits, L.I.; Lobanov, A.P.; Schilizzi, R.T.; Paragi, Z.
VSOP Observations of the Blazar S5 2007+77 155 Gabányi, K.É.; Krichbaum, T.P.; Kraus, A.; Witzel, A.; Zensus, J.A.
Sub-parsec Scale Properties of the TeV Blazar Mrk 501 159 Giroletti, M.; Giovannini, G.
Parsec Scale Properties of Brightest Cluster Galaxies 163 Giovannini, G.; Liuzzo, E.; Giroletti, M.
Polarization Properties of AGN at High Frequencies 167 Jorstad, S.
Kinematics of AGN and Quasar Jets 173 Kellermann, K.; Lister, M.L.; Homan, D.C.; Kovalev, Y.Y.; Kadler, M.; Cohen, M.C.
VLBI Surveys of Active Galactic Nuclei 179 Kovalev, Y.
The Pearson-Readhead AGN Survey 184 Lister, M.
VSOP Studies of Internal Structure of the Jet in 3C273 189 Lobanov, A.
The Compact Structure of Blazars at High Frequencies 194 Marscher, A.
Annual Modulation of the Time Scales on the Southern Scintillator PMN J1326 − 5256 200 Cimò , G.; Bignall, H.; Senkbeil, C.; Ellingsen, S.; Lovell, J.; McCulloch, P.; Jauncey, D.
VSOP Monitoring Observations of 1928+738 204 Murphy, D.W.; Edwards, P.G.
The Need for High Resolution in Studies of the 3-D Magnetic Field Structure of AGN Jets 209 O'Sullivan, S.; Gabuzda, D.
A Complete Set of VSOP Observations of 3C279 213 Pant, N.D.; Piner, B.G.; Edwards, P.G.; Hirabayashi, H.; Wehrle, A.E.; Unwin, S.C.
Probing Microarcsecond Structure in AGN using Continuous Flux Density Monitoring 217 Senkbeil, C.; Lovell, J.; Ellingsen, S.; Jauncey, D.; Cimò , G.
GPS and CSS Radio Sources and Space-VLBI 221 Snellen, I.
Imaging a Jet Base — Prospects with M87 227 Walker, R.C.; Ly, C.; Junor, W.; Hardee, P.
VLBI Observations of BL Lac/Sy Galaxy PKS 2201+044 233 Sudou, H.; Edwards, P.G.
VSOP’s Legacy for Our Understanding of Magnetic Fields in Active Galactic Nuclei 236 Gabuzda, D.C.
Supernova VLBI 243 Bartel, N.
Space VLBI Polarimetry of IDV Sources: Lessons from VSOP and Prospects for VSOP-2 252 Bach, U.; Krichbaum, T.P.; Bernhart, S.; Impellizzeri, C.M.V.; Kraus, A.; Fuhrmann, L.; Witzel, A.; Zensus, J.A.
Intraday Radio Variability and Micro-Arcsecond Resolution 256 Bignall, H.; Jauncey, D.L.; Kedziora-Chudczer, L.; Lovell, J.E.J.; Macquart, J.-P.; Ojha, R.; Rickett, B.J.
VSOP-2 Observations of M 87: A Proposal for a VSOP-2 Key Science Program 262 Asada, K.; Doi, A.; Kino, M.; Nagai, H.; Nakamura, M.; Kameno, S.; VSOP-2 Science Working Group
Extragalactic Water Maser Observations with VSOP-2 266 Hagiwara, Y.; VSOP-2 Science Working Group
Direct Observations of the Dynamics and Variability at High Energy Emission Regions in TeV Blazars 270 Kino, M.; Asada, K.; Hagiwara, Y.; Edwards, P.G.; VSOP-2 Science Working Group
Water Masers in AGN Accretion Disks 274 Braatz, J.A.; Reid, M.J.; Greenhill, L.J.; Kuo, C.-Y.; Condon, J.J.; Lo, K.-Y.; Henkel, C.
The Promise of Future VSOP-2 Observations for Studies of Helical Magnetic Fields and Their Evolution in Active Galactic Nuclei 280 Mahmud, M.; Gabuzda, D.
VSOP-2 Observations of Accretion Disks in Active Galactic Nuclei: A Proposal for a Key Science Program 284 Doi, A.; VSOP-2 Science Working Group
Relativistic Peaking in the Vertical Jets 288 Fukue, J.
Lens Mapping of Dark Matter Substructure with VSOP-2 290 Ohashi, S.; Chiba, M.; Inoue, K.T.
High Energy Observations of AGN Jets and their Implications 293 Kataoka, J.
A New Evolution Scenario of Compact Symmetric Objects 299 Kawakatu, N.; Nagai, H.; Kino, M.
Invisible Plasma Content in Blazars?—The Case of Markarian 421 303 Kino, M.; Takahara, M.
On the Difference of Quasars and BL Lac Objects 307 Liu, X.
Astrometric Determination of VSOP-2 Orbital Parameters 310 Fomalont, E.; Moellenbrock, G.; Claussen, M.
Potential Targets for ASTRO-G In-Beam Phase-Referencing 314 Frey, S; Gabányi, K.
Global Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Flares: Outflows and Time Variabilities in Black Hole Accretion Flows 317 Matsumoto, R.; Machida, M.
Black Hole Shadows and VSOP-2 321 Takahashi, R.
Dark Matter Millilensing and VSOP-2 326 Wiik, K.; Zackrisson, E.; Riehm, T.
A VLBI Search for the Origin of Wobbling in Blazar Jets 330 Agudo, I.
Some Connections between Radio Astronomy and High Energy Astrophysics 336 Courvoisier, T.J.-L.
Probing the Exhaust System of the Most Powerful Engines with VSOP-2 342 Meier, D.
Physical Information Derived from the Internal Structure in Jets 349 Perucho, M.; Lobanov, A.P.; Kovalev, Y.Y.
The Influence of Helical Magnetic Fields in the Dynamics and Emission of Relativistic Jets 353 Roca-Sogorb, M.; Perucho, M.; Gómez, J.L.; Martí, J.M.; Antón, L.; Aloy, M.A.; Agudo, I.
Unsolved Problems of AGN Jets in Sub Parsec Scale: Acceleration, Collimation, and Stability Properties 357 Nakamura, K.; Meier, D.
Part 4.
Astrometry of the Red Supergiant Star VY Canis Majoris with VERA 363 Choi, Y.K.; Hirota, T.; Honma, M.; Kobayashi, H.
Maser H2O Outbursts and Bullets in Orion KL 366 Demichev, V.; Matveyenko, L.I.; Graham, D.A.; Diamond, P.J.
Water Vapor Masers in the NGC7538 Region 369 Kameya, O.; VERA Team
Fine Structure of Star Formation Region in Orion KL 372 Matveyenko, L.; Diamond, P.J.; Graham, D.A.; Zaharin, K.M.; Demichev, V.A.; Sivakon, S.S.
Flux Variability of Sagittarius A* at Short mm-wavelengths 376 Miyazaki, A.; Shen, Z.-Q.; Li, J.; Miyoshi, M.; Tsuboi, M.; Tsutsumi, T.
An Approach to Detect the Event Horizon in SgrA* Using Ground Based Submillimeter VLBI Array 380 Miyoshi, M.; Kameno, S.; Ishitsuka, J.K.; Shen, Z.-Q.; Takahashi, R.; Horiuchi, S.
Survey of Outer Galaxy Molecular Lines Associated with Water Masers 384 Mochizuki, N.; Hachisuka, K.; Umemoto, T.
SiO and H13CO+ Emission Lines Observations Toward the Infalling Gas onto the CND at the Galactic Center 388 Sato, M.; Tsuboi, M.
The Kinematics of the Methanol Maser at 6.7 GHz in Cepheus A 392 Sugiyama, K.; Fujisawa, K.; Wajima, K.; Sawada-Satoh, S.; Isono, Y.; Honma, M.; Murata, Y.; Mochizuki, N.; Doi, A.
Observational Appearance of Optically Thin, Relativistic Winds 396 Sumitomo, N.; Watarai, K.; Fukue, J.
Detection of a Radio Flare at Millimeter-Wavelengths from the X-ray T Tauri Star V773 Tau 400 Umemoto, T.; Saito, M.; Nakanishi, K.; Kuno, N.; Tsuboi, M.
Detectability of Circumstellar SiO Maser Emission on VSOP-2 Baselines 404 Colomer, F.; Bujarrabal, V.; Soria R.; Ruiz, R.S.; Dodson, R.; Alcolea, J.; Desmurs, J.-F.
VSOP and Stellar Sources - The Case of LS I +61°303 408 Dougherty, S.
Pulsar VLBI to Measure Cosmological Rotation and Study Pulsar Emission Regions 414 Gwinn, C.
Masers and VSOP-2 419 Elitzur, M.
Probing into the Shadow of Galactic Center Black Hole with Future Sub-millimeter VLBI 425 Shen, Z.-Q.
Part 5.
Astrometry and Technology
A Future Submillimeter-Wave Space VLBI 431 Asaki, Y.; Miyoshi, M.
VSOP-2 Astrometric Accuracy with Phase Referencing 435 Asaki, Y.; Kono, Y.
Acceleration Term at ASL FRING as a Tool to Improve Space VLBI Sensitivity 441 Kogan, L.; Likhachev, S.; Girin, I.; Ladygin, V.
Multi-frequency Imaging Algorithms and Simulation of Space VLBI Using the VLA 444 Likhachev, S.; Kogan, L.; Fomalont, E.; Owen, F.
Compactness of Weak Radio Sources at High Frequencies 448 Majid, W.; Fomalont, E.; Bagri, D.
Multi-epoch Observations of Water Masers in the Star Forming Region ON2 with VERA 452 Ando, K.; Nakagawa, A.; Imai, H.; Kameno, S.; Omodaka, T.
Astrometry of H2O Maser Sources in Nearby Molecular Clouds with VERA 456 Hirota, T.; Bushimata, T.; Choi, Y.K.; Honma, M.; Imai, H.; Iwadate, K.; Jike, T.; Kameno, S.; Kameya, O.; Kamohara, R.; Kan-ya, Y.; Kawaguchi, N.; Kijima, M.; Kim, M.K.; Kobayashi, H.; Kuji, S.; Kurayama, T.; Manabe, S.; Maruyama, K.; Matsui, M.; Matsumoto, N.; Miyaji, T.; Nagayama, T.; Nakagawa, A.; Nakamura, K.; Oh, C.S.; Omodaka, T.; Oyama, T.; Sakai, S.; Sasao, T.; Sato, K.; Sato, M.; Shibata, K.M.; Shintani, M.; Tamura, Y.; Tsushima, M.; Yamashita, K.
Maser Astrometry with VERA and VSOP-2 460 Honma, M.; Bushimata, T.; Choi, Y.K.; Hirota, T.; Imai, H.; Iwadate, K.; Jike, T.; Kameno, S.; Kameya, O.; Kamohara, R.; Kawaguchi, N.; Kijima, M.; Kim, M.; Kobayashi, H.; Kuji, S.; Kurayama, T.; Manabe, S.; Matsui, M.; Matsumoto, N.; Miyaji, T.; Nagayama, T.; Nakagawa, A.; Nakamura, K.; Oh, C.S.; Omodaka, T.; Oyama, T.; Sakai, S.; Sato, K.; Sato, M.; Sasao, T.; Shibata, K.M.; Tamura, Y.; Yamashita, K.
VSOP-2 Key Science Program Proposal: Deep Exploration of the Dynamics of the Milky Way Based on High Precision Water Maser Astrometry 465 Imai, H.
SiO Maser Observations toward Orion-KL with VERA 469 Kim, M.K.; Hirota, T.; Honma, M.; Kobayashi, H.; other VERA members
VERA Observation of G34.4+0.23 and Matters that Require Attention for VSOP-2 Phase Referencing 473 Kurayama, T.
Superbubble Motion Away from the Galactic Plane: Astrometry of Water Masers in NGC 281 with VERA 476 Sato, M.; Hirota, T.; Honma, M.; Kobayashi, H.; VERA Project Team
Space VLBI and the Radio Reference Frame 480 Charlot, P.
Astrometry with VSOP 486 Rioja, M.; Porcas, R.; Dodson, R.; Asaki, Y.
Part 6.
Conference Photos
Conference Photos 495 Hagiwara, Y.; Fomalont, E.; Tsuboi, M.; Murata, Y.
Back Matter   
Volume 402 Back Matter 497 Hagiwara, Y.; Fomalont, E.; Tsuboi, M.; Murata, Y.